10 Types of Roof Trusses for Your Home Improvement

Posted on

There are many types of roof trusses you can choose for your building. It affects your building design and also the strength of your roof. Choosing the trusses for your home improvement varies depending on how you imagine your design will be or even the size of the building itself. 

Truss derives from Old French word trousse. It means “collection of things bound together.” In the Academic dictionary of civil engineering, a truss is a single plane framework of an individual structural member connected at their ends of forms a series of triangle to span a large distance.

Types of Roof Trusses
Types of Roof Trusses

A truss is usually used for bridges, ships, and also roof structure. Without further ado, here are some types of roof trusses you can pick for your home. 

Howe Truss

Howe Truss was firstly introduced by American architect William Howe. Born in Spencer, Massachusetts, on May 12, 1803, he enrolled and graduated as an engineer at Leicester Academy in Leicester, Massachusetts. In 1840 he finalizes his dream projects and creating Howe Truss. It was patented in 1846 under new and improved Howe Truss design.

Types of Roof Trusses Howe Truss
Howe Truss

Howe Truss is versatile and very useful for a wide range of building type. It can cover anything from 6 to 30 meters wide. This type of truss is usually made from a combination of steel and wood. It is elegant and also offering a beautiful design.

Fan Truss

There are many definitions of this truss. One of it is from Meriam-Webster dictionary which defines fan truss as a truss characterized by the radiating lines of the king post as well as appended struts or of the queen posts as well as appended struts. Although the definition may be a little confusing, it has a very simple design.

Types of Roof Trusses Fan Truss
Fan Truss

Fan truss is made out of steel. It has a medium to wide span range around 10 to 15 meters. Primarily, this kind of truss used in commercial projects. But if your home needs it you can use it nonetheless because this truss is applicable for most projects.

King Post Truss

If your home is categorized as a small house, this one is a good truss that you can choose from many types of roof trusses. King Post Truss is a simple truss with only one central vertical post, two rafters, and a tie beam. Because of its simplicity, it will not affect much for your aesthetic design. It is usually made out of wood and used for shed or garage.

King Post Truss
King Post Truss

Pratt Truss

This one is one of the most popular steel roof trusses. One of the reasons is because this truss design is economical. This type of truss has some interesting features, for example, the vertical posts provide tension and the diagonal ones bringing in compression. If your home is 6 to 10 meters wide, this truss can suit you.

Pratt Truss
Pratt Truss

Queen Post Truss

Queen Post Truss is similar to King Post Truss with only a little bit different feature. It has two central vertical posts rather than one in King Post. Queen Post Truss is more lightweight and able to cover larger areas comparing to King Post one. It covers up to 10 meters wide span. This is the type of truss that you can use at any given time.

Queen Post Truss
Queen Post Truss

Scissor Roof Truss

This truss is one of the many types of roof trusses that can be found in cathedrals. Although the design is appealing, it has very poor energy efficiency. It is also usually used for a commercial and industrial building. But if you want more space in the attic, do not hesitate to pick this truss.

Scissor Roof Truss
Scissor Roof Truss

Raised Heel Roof Truss

If you are a fan of timber base roof truss, Raised Heel Roof Truss is the most efficient one. It brings a very good insulation room but also provides very good structural support. This truss is also easy to build because it is installed the same way as the conventional one.

Raised Heel Roof Truss
Raised Heel Roof Truss

North Light Roof Truss

If your home is more than 15 meters wide, this truss can be used for you. This is one of the oldest and economical methods for covering large buildings. North Light Roof Truss can cover up to 30 meters wide building.

North Light Roof Truss
North Light Roof Truss

This roof truss can be a good choice if you seek for durability and versatility. The design of this truss allows you to bring in more proper ventilation. Because of this, the roof will have better resistance.

Quadrangular Roof Trusses

Have you ever wondered what are the roof trusses used in Madison Square Garden, New York? Or Jersey City-station of the Central Railroad of New Jersey? It is no other than Quadrangular Roof Trusses.

Quadrangular Roof Trusses
Quadrangular Roof Trusses

Quadrangular Roof Trusses is a very wide truss that can be used in a very wide building. Auditorium and railway sheds are some of the examples of this truss used in real life. 

Parallel Chord Roof Truss

If you are tight on the budget, this one can fit for you. It is a very sturdy truss but at a cheap price. The material can be adjusted depending on your desire. Just calculate the water damage resistance and thermal conductivity first to get what material matches the number.

Parallel Chord Roof Truss
Parallel Chord Roof Truss

If you want a room in your attic, this truss might not for you. This truss requires more space in the attic so that it covers almost all spaces available. But remember the upside, even though the absence of empty is abysmal, the price may give you a good deal.

We have talked about trusses. There are many options for roof truss we can pick. What should be considered by us is the size of our building and the budget we are willing to spend.In the spirit of improving home, choosing one from many types of roof trusses might be an important decision. With the right roof truss, your home can have an appealing design, a sturdy structure, or even an extra space in the attic. All that quality combined will make your home better for you.